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A brief history of the Samford Valley.

Records at Queensland State Archives show a lease was

held from 1855 for the land where Samford is today.

The Government began putting up parts of lease land

for sale and selection from 1865.

It was heavy forest land and had no easy access, as the river valley is surrounded by steep ranges. Smaller holdings led to closer settlement, taking advantage of a favourable water supply in many creeks flowing into the South Pine River. The main source of income for the settlers was timber, dairying, bananas, small crops and fruit.

Samford Provisional School was built in 1872 by the farmers, and in 1878 a two-room state school was built by the Government. Near the school, a cemetery reserve under trusteeship of local residents has been used since 1877.

1914 - 1918 World War 1 saw many local lads join the forces. Some returned soldiers were given holdings at the Highlands later named Highvale. Soldier Settlement farms were too small on which to make a living and many left.

Prior to the railway line reaching Samford in 1918, farmers took their cream three times a week to a pick-up point for delivery to Kingston Butter Factory via the Enoggera railway station.

With relocation of the hotel and the small shop and Post Office closer to the railway station in 1918, Samford Village began to evolve. 1926 - 1927 saw more bananas consigned from Samford Railway Station than any other in Queensland. Disaster hit the industry early in the 1930's when the "bunchy - top" virus necessitated a Government order for all plantations to be destroyed.

Electricity came to Samford in 1937 and with the introduction of milking machines, dairy-farmers began increasing their herds. Timber continued to be an industry employing locals.

World War II 1939 - 1945 again saw local lads go to war. As farming was an essential service, many of our men were compelled to stay on their properties. Some American soldier units used the Samford Blacksmith to shoe their horses.

Post-War Samford remained constant, but once the road over the range was reconstructed, the town began to change. Motor transport was becoming more popular, hence the closure of the railway from Ferny Grove to Dayboro in 1955.

Land sales of the farms for housing development began in the 1960's. There are now no dairy farms producing milk in Samford district, the last farm closing in 2001. After 40 years the Samford CSIRO pastoral research farm closed and land was sold in 2002.

Below is a very small sample of photos from the Samford Museum

Click to enlarge photos and see more information

Museum Research

If you are researching Family or Local Early Settlers in the Samford District you can make a personal appointment with our Researcher by emailing

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